Sun Square Mars

Sun square Mars

Rembrandt, Pallas Athene, oil on canvas, 1655

Sun Square Mars

The Square aspect between the Sun and Mars in a Natal Chart

The purpose of this article is to provide an understanding of the the square aspect between the Sun and Mars. An explanation of the square configuration, along with a summary of each planet’s meaning and correspondence will be provided, in order to provide context prior to the interpretation of the Sun-Mars square.

The Square Configuration or Aspect in the Natal Chart

The square is a 90° angle with a 6° orb range. Planets in a square aspect share modalities (cardinal, mutable, fixed).

The square aspect is considered dynamically challenging, since its difficulties propel significant work on the issues indicated by the planets involved. Planets in the square aspect are at cross-purposes: their tension can produce frustration, although diligent labor and perseverance can foster triumph. The level of resolution over the square aspect is the result of successful integration of two disparate principles (as indicated by the planets involved). Because this aspect is considered to be traditionally challenging, we look to the signs (meaning, dignity, and condition) and places/ houses involved in order to understand where adjustments, integration, and patient application must be employed. Again, with the square aspect, growth is always the result of incessant laboriousness, but this should not suggest that its limitations are not without resolve. For the purposes of this article, it is also helpful to understand a chart’s sect, in order to understand a chart’s diurnal or nocturnal components, and further understand the significance of the planets involved.

* Note: Single aspects should neither be isolated nor fixated upon in interpretation, as the overall chart can demonstrate mitigating or contradictory factors. Instead, a thorough chart analysis will bring the necessary clarity and cohesion of celestial influences.

Sun square mars

Meaning of the Sun in Astrology

The Sun represents the visible intelligence and perception of the soul. The solar orb is, in essence, the all-bountiful fire that supports the existence of life. Therefore, the Sun indicates the central, physical vitality and conservation of each human organism. The Sun oversees the ego and moral principles, as indicated by self-esteem and conscientiousness.

The Sun Correspondences in Astrology

The Sun, (Helios in Greek, called amongst poets and historians as Sol, Titan, Ilios, Phoebus, Apollo, Pean, Osiris, Diespiter) is hot and dry, of choleric temperament (considered more temperate than Mars), masculine, and the luminary of the diurnal sect. Placed in the center of all planets, he passes through all twelve zodiacal signs once per year. His mean notion is 59 minutes and 8 seconds, yet his diurnal motion is sometimes 57 minutes and 16 seconds (sometimes more, but never exceeding 61 minutes and 6 seconds). The Sun always moves in the ecliptic and is void of latitude. [1] In Hellenistic astrology, the Sun finds his joy in the ninth place.

The Sun has his domicile in Leo, is exalted at 19° Aries, in adversity/ detriment in Aquarius, and receives his depression/ fall at 19° Libra. By day, the Sun governs the fiery triplicity (Aries, Leo, and Sagittarius, respectively). The Sun is always direct, and although his pace in movement can oscillate, he is never retrograde. His day is Sunday, overseeing the first and eighth hours. He befriends all planetary bodies, aside from his energetic resistance, Saturn.

Sun square Mars

Meaning of Mars in Astrology

Mars represents the spirit of energy, courage, and enterprise. His energy, when implemented strategically, is the polarity of shiftlessness and cowardice. At its best, Mars accentuates a warrior’s unconquerable energy and potent will. This is the necessary masculine energy that initiates and asserts without subjection to reason.

The Correspondences of Mars in Astrology

Mars (also known as Mavors, Ares, Pyrois, or Gradivus), appears as a fiery star of sparkling color. He is a masculine, nocturnal planet of the night sect. His temperament is hot and dry, choleric and fiery. His approximate course completion is one year and 321 days. His greatest northern latitude is 4°31′ while his southern latitude is 6°47′. [1] Mars has his domicile in Aries and Scorpio, is exalted at 28° Capricorn, sees its depression/ fall at 28° Cancer, and is in detriment/ fall in Libra and Taurus. Mars stations before his 80-day retrograde, and governs the water triplicity (Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces, respectively). In traditional astrology, Mars is known as the lesser malefic, and finds his joy in the sixth place. He governs Tuesday, in the first and eighth hour from the Sun. He solely befriends Venus, remaining antagonistic to all other planets.

Interpreting Sun Square Mars in the Natal Chart

The Sun-Mars square initiates fiercely courageous, self-confident natives, even when offset by other factors in the natal chart. There is a distinct amount of assertiveness and impulsive behavior. When this aspect is stimulated by transits, the Sun-Mars stimulates action. There is ample energy and vitality associated with this (and all) Sun-Mars aspects, which must be channeled constructively in order to prevent self-sabotage and harm. When this energetic current is well directed, and the native develops necessary patience and forethought, there is much potential for success in various endeavors. Likewise, this aspect, when tempered, grants the native an abundance of energy and enthusiasm that can be applied to any course of action.

The square formed between the Sun and Mars generates an eruption of anger and brashness that can lead to unnecessary and potentially detrimental conflicts. Because the Sun and Mars are fiery planets without the temperance of calculation, there can be a notable lack of patience and forethought prior to action. As a result, the analytical mind needs to intervene before the primal instinct takes control of the native. Slowing down can become challenging, as can immediate reactions to circumstances.

This aspect’s amelioration is best accomplished via cultivating persistent self-discipline, patience, and the dispersal of excessive energy into exercise regimes or physically creative endeavors. The Sun-Mars square cultivates an impenetrable will, and can, with time, be used to constructively and consistently build upon any endeavor. With time, the native learns how to deter self-sabotage, one of the most challenging themes of this aspect (for the implementation of temperance and discipline must be progressively built). Once this challenge is surpassed, the Sun-Mars native will find an energetic reservoir that is impervious to obstacles or hindrances.


Lilly, William, Christian Astrology

Agrippa, Henry, Three Books of Occult Philosophy

Brennan, Chris, Hellenistic Astrology

Copyright © 2018 Saturn and the Sun Astrology. All rights reserved.

Aries Ascendant

“To know the character of the native’s mind, look at the Lord of the Ascendant and Mercury (who is the significator of the intellective power, speech and oration). These signify the matters of the soul, and the morals of the native, just as the Moon and the Ascendant signify the body.” (Abu’Ali Al-Khayatt, The Judgment of Nativities)

The Natal Ascendant: A Chart’s Profile

The Ascendant is simply the zodiacal degree rising over the eastern horizon at the exact time and location of birth. Known as ‘the Helm’ in Hellenistic astrology, the Ascendant expresses the native’s navigational strategy, a metaphorical grappling of the steering-oar of life. Because it reveals one’s interaction with the external environment, unfurling the native’s vitality, health, character, temperament, and corporeal constitution, the Ascendant is a critical feature of the natal chart. As the first house does not fully surface above the horizon, it remains both visible and concealed. Akin to the flight of fleet-footed Hermes, the Ascendant symbolizes the oscillation between the diurnal and nocturnal realms of spirit and matter. In essence, it is the merging point between the macrocosmic and microcosmic hemispheres of the natal chart: as above, so below.


Aries: The Ram

Aries Ascendant: Mars as the Chart Ruler

The masculine, fiery, movable (cardinal) Aries Ascendant embodies the ferocious qualities of Mars. Aries is the diurnal house of Mars, choleric, of the fire triplicity and of the East. These qualities will be expressed, for better or worse, depending on the condition and placement of Mars, as well as its sect in the chart. In isolation, the Aries Ascendant is severing, bold, confident, contentious, invincible, and rebellious. Equipped with the fortitude and courage of a pioneering spirit, in isolation, the Aries Ascendant is prone to heady temperament, impulsivity, and swift activity. The native’s pace is of quickened tempo as is his metabolic rate, and his energetic constitution is best expressed through physical exertion. Valiantly, the Aries Ascendant can motivate others through the native’s own exemplified perseverance.

Of Mars-ruled natives, Lilly notes the following:

‘They are of middle stature, their bodies strong, their bones big, rather lean than fat, their visage round, their hair sandy or flaxen, and many times crisping or curling… a bold confident countenance…’

The placement and condition of Mars in the natal chart signals a key focal point in the native’s life, and the manner in which it is actualized. The body and personality is influenced by transits through the Ascendant, natal Mars, and Mars profection years. The house ruler of Mars also directs the expression of the Aries Ascendant. For example, if Mars occupies a sign polarizing its essential nature, such as Libra, the native may not approach life as a typical Aries Ascendant. Planets occupying the first house can significantly alter the personality of the Ascendant. Again, for example, Venus occupying the first house of an Aries Ascendant will significantly alter the appearance and personality of the Aries Ascendant. The chart’s sect will further punctuate the expression of Mars in the natal chart.

*Ascendant descriptions are intended as general, isolated references, and are but one component of the natal chart.

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Copyright © 2017 Saturn and the Sun Astrology. All rights reserved.