Firdaria: An Introduction


Firdaria: Image by Saturn and the Sun Astrology

Firdaria: An Introduction to the Life Periods of a Persian Time-Lord Technique

The purpose of this article is to introduce Firdaria, a timing technique of Persian origin. Although this time-lord technique is not of Hellenistic origin, it does make use of sect, a well-documented concept that, alongside traditional astrology, grows in popularity. Essentially, Firdaria are the nativity’s life periods, divided into uneven years by chronocrators. However, while Hellenistic techniques such as annual profections and zodiacal releasing do not emphasize the ascending and descending nodes, the Firdaria accentuate the nodal axis for specific periods (5 years in total). When activated, both planets and the nodes are considered to be equally important time-lords, comparable in fortitude to a progressed Sun and further activated by transits.

This article will introduce the reader to the Firdaria, define said concept, and explain its conditions. Of pertinence, it is important to note that this summary focuses more on the nodal variation of Firdaria as opposed to placing the nodal axis after the seven stars for both sects.

Life Periods of the Firdaria

The Firdaria are the periods of life governed by chronocrators or time-lords. Elucidated in Abu-Ma’shar’s On Solar Revolutions, Firdaria, a time-lord technique of Persian origin, unfurls the nativity into irregular chapters. Each of the Firdaria periods are divided into variable years with a punctuated time-lord: either one of the seven stars or one of the nodal points. Not unlike other traditional timing techniques, the quality of each firdar or life period is dependent upon the condition of the nativity’s activated chronocrator.

Firdaria, Sect, and Chaldean Order

The life periods of Firdaria are arranged according to the structure of sect and Chaldean order. As the celestial initiator, the sect luminary unravels the first firdar, and completes a seventh of its corresponding years in solitary rulership. After the sect light’s first isolated period, the luminary is accompanied by a fellow star or sub-ruler. Excluding the periods governed by the nodal axis (where no planetary sub-rulers intervene), after completing a seventh of their independently governed firdar periods, all planets are accompanied by sub-rulers.

Oronce Fine, Le sphere de monde: proprement dicte Cosmographie: manuscript, 1549, MS Typ 57. Houghton Library, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.

Chaldean Order: based on planetary speed, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Sun, Mars, Jupiter,and Saturn. The visual inclusion of the heptagram simply traces the planetary days, beginning with Monday (Moon), traced below to Mars (Tuesday), followed by Wednesday (Mercury, and so on, concluded (in this order) with Saturday (Saturn). This is not to be confused with descending Chaldean order, which places the stars in order from slowest (Saturn) to swiftest (Moon). Additionally, heptazone sequence begins with the Sun, followed by Venus, Mercury, Moon, Saturn, Jupiter, and Mars. When the heptagram for heptazone sequence is traced, the traditional planetary days begin with Sunday and end with Saturday. While heptazone sequence is not part of Firdaria, it is interesting to compare both orders.

The Years of the Alfidar

Some of Firdaria’s first documented descriptions are recorded in Abu-Ma’shar’s The Thousands, Great Introduction, and On Solar Revolutions. Of these three texts, On Solar Revolutions describes Firdaria in its clearest cohesion. Here, Abu-Ma’shar explains the numerical value assigned to the seven stars and the ascending/ descending nodes as follows:

“Each of the seven stars, and the Ascending and Descending Nodes, has certain determinate times, and each star administers to the native in accordance with its proper firdar. The firdar of the Sun, then, is 10 years; of Aphrodite, 8; of Hermes, 13; of the Moon, 9; of Kronos, 11; of Zeus, 12; of Ares, 7; of the Ascending Node, 3; of the Descending Node, 2 – altogether, they are 75.

In the case of diurnal nativity, then, the Sun takes the governorship of the first firdar, then Aphrodite, then Hermes, then the Moon, then Kronos, in accordance with the order of their zones. In the case of nocturnal nativities, the Moon takes the first firdar, then Kronos, then Zeus, then Ares, in accordance with the prior order.”

In accordance with sect and Chaldean order, Ma’shar assigns the planets and nodal axis specific numerical periods. Beginning with the Sun in day charts, there are 10 solar years, 8 for Venus, 13 for Mercury, 9 for the Moon, 11 for Saturn, 12 for Jupiter, and 7 for Mars. The same numerical correspondence applies to night charts, with its start initiated by the lunar sect light. For both sects, the ascending and descending nodes are given 3 and 2 years, respectively.

For nocturnal nativities, there is a nodal variation which places the ascending and descending nodes after Mars and before the Sun, coinciding with the early 40s (39-44). In part, this variation is proposed by Zoller, taking into account the circular arrangement of planetary sequence. Regarding diurnal nativities, the nodal axis directly proceeds planetary (Chaldean) order: nodal variation does not apply to diurnal nativities.

Kalynovych, Life As…

As previously discussed, after a principle star’s firdar period completes a seventh of its solitary rulership, sub-rulers accompany each planet (aside from the nodal axis, which has no sub-rulers). Ma-shar’s description of the sub-periods follows as such:

“Except that when one of the stars is governor, it itself manages a seventh of its proper years; then the remaining stars participate with it in a signification for good or bad things in accordance with a seventh of its own firdar. And the beginning will be from the star that has the firdar, while the star lying next under it will participate first, then the star following that one. — the reason for the participation of the remaining stars with the one star is that the years of the firdar of each star has been extracted from those that have a relation to the twelve zoidia; but in a peculiar manner, the Ascending and Descending Nodes, since they do not further participate with any star, assume the management only after the completion of the years of the seven stars and after the native has completed seventy years, because they do not have domiciles.”

Using Chaldean order, Firdaria sub-periods include the accompanying stars joining each sequential chronocrator. Additionally, during the 3 and 2 years of the ascending and descending nodes (after the native has completed 75 years) respectively, there is no inclusion sub-periods. The quality of the nodal axis depends upon the condition of its dispositor and pertinent transits. Upon completion of the 75-year period, in diurnal nativities, the cycle newly commences with the Sun.

Day Charts (Sect Light is the Sun)

Sun: 10 years, Venus: 8 years, Mercury: 13 years, Moon: 9 years, Saturn: 11 years, Jupiter: 12 years, Mars: 7 years. After Mars, the Nodes are included so that the ascending Node takes 3 years, and, finally, the descending Node takes 2 years.

* After the full completion of the planetary rulership sequence, the ascending and descending nodes are included, for the periods of 3 and 2 years, respectively. In total, this concludes a 75 year period, where the solar period would then commence anew.

Night Charts (Sect Light is the Moon)

Moon: 9 years, Mercury: 13 years, Venus: 8 years, Sun: 10 years, Mars: 7 years, Jupiter: 12 years, Saturn: 11 years. After Saturn, the Nodes are included so that the ascending Node takes 3 years, and, finally, the descending Node takes 2 years.

* After the full completion of the planetary rulership sequence, the ascending and descending nodes are included, for the periods of 3 and 2 years, respectively. In total, this concludes a 75 year period, where the lunar period would then commence anew.

Night Charts and Nodal Variation

Following the order mentioned above, a variation for nocturnal charts is to place the ascending and descending nodes after Mars and before the Sun. As mentioned earlier, the nodal axis coincides with the early 40s, 39-44. It is interesting that ‘middle-age’ or the ‘mid-life crisis’ occurs during the start of the descending node. Because their is no corresponding domicile for the nodal axis, as Ma’shar explains, judging the quality of the nodal axis depends on the condition of the nativity’s dispositor.

It is said that Robert Zoller had difficulties with interpreting the correct order of the firdar for nocturnal charts. Bonatti subtlety suggests that the nodes should be placed after Mars, but, given that wording becomes obscure, it is difficult to ascertain. However, when compared with the guidelines presented in Ma-shar’s On Solar Revolutions, the nodal years are placed directly after the seven stars. Therefore, as a cautionary perspective, it is important to evaluate, discern the efficacy of techniques with variable applications, such as Firdaria, prior to its practical application.

Calculating Firdaria Periods

Calculating Firdaria periods is simplistic, and can be performed manually (although software programs and websites like provide automated calculations). Essentially, in compliance with sect and Chaldean order, Firdaria uses the seven stars and the nodal axis to unfurl the native’s life. Since the Sun rules day nativities, begin with the Sun for day charts. If the nativity is nocturnal, begin with the Moon.

The table below lists each period for both sects (beginning with the Sun and Moon, respectively). For the nocturnal nativity, I have included the nodal variation after Mars and before the Sun. As previously mentioned, the diurnal nativity remains unchanged, with the nodal axis at the end of the 75 years cycle. Upon completing a 75 year cycle, again, both sects begin with their respective luminaries. Note that the nodal variation for nocturnal charts is optional, and can be placed at the end of the 70 year cycle.

A Diurnal Chart with an Activated Sun Firdar

Along with the place, sign, aspects, and rulership, the natal condition of the Sun will be a primordial factor in determining the subjective quality of the solar life period. When in a solar Firdaria coupled with a Saturn sub-period, Saturn will saturate the solar experience, for better or worse, depending on its natal condition. If Saturn happens to be in optimal position, for example, including place (its 12th Joy), in its domicile/ exaltation, well aspected, and even agreeable term, the native can experience a successfully bountiful (Sun) period spent in diligent laboriousness (Saturn). In other words, the macro-experience of the solar Firdaria is colored by the condition of Saturn, the micro-delineator of the Firdaria. Once again, for nodal delineations, the qualitative condition of the period depends on the nodal dispositor.

Combining Firdaria and Annual Profections

Annual profections can often echo the themes experienced via Firdaria and its sub-periods. Judging the yearly experience of profections alongside the Firdaria can provide further insight into the quality of any given year, depending on the condition of both time-lords. Using the malefic-contrary-to sect for this example, a Saturn profection year in a nocturnal nativity being, simultaneously, the descending node’s dispositor, can indicate a period of subjectively challenging experiences. Depending on the places punctuated by Saturn, and given the malefic’s natal condition, these experiences can be more or less significant.

The Firdaria: Summary

The Firdaria are the periods of life governed by chronocrators or time-lords. Elucidated in Abu-Ma’shar’s On Solar Revolutions, each of the Firdaria periods are divided into variable years with a punctuated time-lord: either one of the seven stars or one of the nodal points. Not unlike other traditional timing techniques, the quality of each firdar or life period is dependent upon the condition of the nativity’s activated chronocrator.


Abū Ma-shar, On Solar Revolutions

Birchfield, Steven, 2005,

Copyright © 2019 Saturn and the Sun Astrology. All rights reserved.

Full Moon in Virgo

Full Moon in Virgo

Full Moon in Virgo

Occurring within seven hours of perigee, the syzygy Full Moon in Virgo beckons the fertile earth’s patient procreativity. As the solar light newly bathes in Pisces’ oceanic undercurrent, the lunation’s ruler, Mercury, resides in polarity to its domicile and exaltation. Orchestrating the Moon and resurfacing from under the beams as it enters its pre-shadow phase*, the Messenger merges intuitive guidance with the prudence of meticulous artistry.

The lunation’s emphasis on the exiled Messenger is further exacerbated by its conjunction with Neptune and the absolute, elemental air-void that permeates the celestial composition. As the stars swerve past the vacant airy trigon, the consummation of immediacy pervades earthly obligations. While the Virgoan lunation affords the patient application of physical productivity, its operative fortitude is primordially instinctual and dynamic.

At 0°42′ Virgo, the Full Moon is in the bounds of procuratorial Mercury, where the Messenger is traditionally deemed noble and eminent. However, currently exiled in Pisces, Mercury navigates tempestuously alongside Neptune and the Sun. Although graced by Jupiter, the traditional logician must still operate via dynamic intuition, an illogical method for the calculating Courier.

Nearly exact (at a distance of 36′), the full Moon in Virgo conjoins fixed star Regulus. The effulgence of the royal Persian star, cor leo, is attributed to the qualities of Jupiter and Mars. With the Virgoan Moon, Regulus promotes natural leadership propelled by amorousness and devotional drive. Embracing the lunar Bethulah, the Lion’s Heart bestows the courage to succeed amidst adversity.

Virgo Decan I: The Orb-Weaver

Virgo’s first decan evokes emblems carved by laborious temperance. Akin to the seemingly precarious grace of a gossamer’s glint, there is occult fortitude in the prudent cultivation of cyclical artistry. Assembling each silken filament with painstaking toil, the orb-weaver’s magnetic labrynthine becomes its efficient source of food. However, in order to accomplish this meticulous feat, a somber sacrifice is made in the form of energetic expenditure.

Noted by Agrippa, “the first face of Virgo ascendeth the figure of a good maide, and a man casting seeds; it signifieth getting of wealth, ordering of diet, plowing, sowing, and peopling”. As such, the agricultural artisan recurrently surveys the fertility of the strewing soil, patterning a craft capable of life-affirming sustenance. Both the spider and human laborour exchange physical hardship for nature’s nourishment. Echoed in the Picatrix, “this is the face of sowing, plowing, the germination of plants, of gathering grapes, and of good living”. The material sphere’s abundance is afforded to the weaver of intricate webs, fermenter of fertile soil, all at the humble cost of interminable perseverance. Arachnid or human, nature’s discerning eye secretively calibrates its offerings to the worker’s degree of servility.

Lunar Mansion Twelve: Al-Sarfah
The Full Moon in Virgo falls under the twelfth mansion of The Changer, Al-Sarfah. Thematic of juncture and severance, this lunar mansion is depicted as a man battling a dragon. When the Moon journeys through this mansion’s renewed cycle, Al-Sarfah cautions against conflict and confrontation [3].

In parallel to its Ptolemaic influences, Saturn and Venus, Al-Sarfah alludes to Saturnian limitations, while affording Venusian affirmations of harvest and allies. Nearly echoing the descriptive tone of the Full Moon’s bounds (for intimate strife enshrouds Virgo’s first two terms), both mansion and Egyptian term coincide with a cautionary restraint in personal relations.

Full Moon in Virgo: Configurations and Bounds

The full Moon carves an applying trine with the scarlet malefic. As the ferocious star overcomes the Moon, Mars is hosted by Venus (in Venus’ prolific and fertile term). In Taurus, the Warrior must abide by the benefic’s reconciliatory rules, a foreign concept to the naturally severing properties of (malefic) Mars. Via sign and degree-based trines, the full Moon aspects both malefics, Mars and Saturn, respectively. Likewise, the Saturn-Venus-Pluto copresense harmonizes with both luminaries.

The Piscean Sun is copresent with Neptune and Mercury, as the watery stellium is overcome and ruled by jubilant Jove. Of the three stars, Mercury applies via degree-based square to Jupiter, as the latter star overcomes the Messenger. Fortunately, still in its domicile, the Greater Benefic’s sign-based square to the Piscean stellium (including degree-based square to Mercury) lessens its tension. Resulting from Mercury’s thricely cast sextiles to Saturn, authoritative friction, while likely, is afforded amelioration. Under this lunation’s lens, the primary sextile is visually scrutinized, as the Messenger’s partile ray to Saturn nearly calibrates the ethereal Piscean sway with the Stoic’s stability.

In repetitive trios, the applying, degree-based Mercury-Jupiter square (exact the following day at 21°06’ Pisces-Sagittarius), is the first (of three) during Mercury’s journey through Pisces. Likewise, the first Mercury-Neptune conjunction (previously exact at 15°34’ Pisces) currently separates and applies on March 24th and April 2nd, respectively. Finally, the Jupiter-ruled Sun is in the terms of Venus, as the emerald goddess structures her affirmations within the boundaries of Saturn’s stoicism.

Excessive Earth and the Elemental Air-Void

Full Moon in Virgo

Of the seven visible stars, Jupiter remains in his fiery domicile as excessive earth coagulates the Virgoan Moon’s elemental composition. Newly undulating in Pisces’ oceanic current, the Sun accompanies the Messenger, merging water with the strewing soil. While excessive earth overtly focuses on preserving existing conditions, practical efficiency and material concerns potentially dominate theoretical and ethical principles.

The Elemental Air-Void

As the solar light’s departure from Saturn’s stoic Water Bearer projects the lunation’s air-void, experience is primordially manouvered by the material, emotive, and dynamic spheres. Depleting its abstract qualities, against this elemental composition, the subtlety of air is concealed. Consummated by immediacy, personal detachment is a notable challenge, coupled with the Messenger’s tempestuous exile in Pisces.

Since the unifying properties of air are compromised, uncooperative behavior compromises partnerships, surging hesitance while adjusting to new people, ideas, and insights. In essence, the air-voids’ impediment spawns from an inability to objectively approach internal and external circumstances.

Irrationality surges as a response to poorly assimilated ideas. While the body’s response to the inconceivable can produce physical ailment and aggression, these reactions are (however inappropriately) intended to abolish threat. Physically, excessive air can lead to a highly activated and extremely sensitized nervous system. Consistent meditation and restful, recuperative retreats are necessary for replenishment and the prevention of cerebral exhaustion.


Full Moon in Virgo: Summary

Nearing exact perigee, the Full Moon in Virgo illuminates the earth’s prudent fertility. Scrutinizing the sect light, the Piscean Sun bestows intuitive guidance merged with the patience of meticulous artistry. However, in exile and polarizing its Virgoan domicile and exaltation, Mercury’s opposes the very lunation it governs.

Simultaneously in the bounds of Mercury, the lunation’s emphasis on the exiled Messenger is exacerbated by its conjunction to nebulous Neptune and the elemental air-void that permeates the celestial composition. As the stars swerve past the vacant airy trigon, the consummation of immediacy pervades earthly obligations. While Jupiter overcomes the Piscean stellium (Sun, Mercury, and Neptune) via degree and sign-based square, the absence of air necessitates reason before instinct.

While the Virgoan lunation affords the patient application of physical productivity, its operative fortitude is primordially instinctual and dynamic. Gathering these insights, mindfulness in relational efforts requires the application of impartial surveillance. Acclimating to air’s sanguine temperament, a third-person narrative must aid the tempestuous Messenger.

* The Full Moon at 0°42′ Virgo is exact on 2/19/19, at 10:53 AM EST.
* Two hours prior to the full Moon in Virgo, Mercury begins its pre-shadow phase at 16°6′ Pisces at 9:19 AM EST, on 2/19/19.


Agrippa, Henry C., The Three Books of Occult Philosophy

Ptolemy, Tetrabiblos

Warnock, Christopher, The Mansions of the Moon

* Etchings by K. Kalynovych.

Copyright © 2019 Saturn and the Sun Astrology. All rights reserved.

Tips welcome via Cash App: $saturnandthesun

Total Lunar Eclipse in Leo

Total Lunar Eclipse in Leo

Latin for lion, Leo is the only sign in the zodiacal sphere portrayed as a predatory animal, or ‘beast of prey’. The Latin etymology of Leo, namely, to ‘blot out, to annihilate, to destroy’, aligns with the foundational nature of the lion, described by Ezra as embodying a scorching and deconstructive heat. Leo synthesizes with the human body’s fifth division via motion, and the anatomical parts corresponding with the heart and motor nerves. Concerned with dividing, lifting, and circulating the blood, the heart’s great mass of muscular tissue receives Aries’ initiatory blaze. Harmoniously laboring with the Ram, all precipitated energy must be constructively forged by the Lion.

At 0°51′ Leo, the total lunar eclipse occurs near the ascending Lunar Node in Cancer, in Jupiter’s bound, and under the Saturn-ruled, first decanate of Leo. While the eclipse is exact at 12:14 AM EST, lasting one hour, one minute, and 59 seconds, the Moon will also be perigee at 2:59 PM EST. Following the initiatory, solar eclipse in Capricorn, this lunation culminates a 2.5 year cycle (including the foreboding Full Moon at 25°52′ Aquarius of 8/18/16), of eclipses on the Leo-Aquarius axis. Unsurprisingly, both Saturn-ruled luminaries chisel an opposition, the Time Keeper’s signature configuration. Via superior, sign-based trine, Mars overcomes the Moon, further punctuating the elemental fire-air composition of this eclipse. As Saturn overcomes Mars via sign-based, superior square, the applying Mars-Saturn configuration is nearly exact via degree. When Mars’ swift severance is halted by Saturn, the primal drive is consistently oppressed by apprehension. Both malefics, Mars and Saturn, are poised in their diurnal and nocturnal domiciles, respectively.

In the background, the applying Venus-Jupiter conjunction narrows, further bonding the affirming grace of both benefics. While a trine is forged as both benefics grace the red planet, the final Lunar eclipse still encompasses the densely dramatic captivity of light. While it’s proximity to the ascending lunar node in Cancer further amplifies cascading emotive heights, reciprocal nurture, and instinctively maternal inclinations, the presence of the Dragon’s Head or Rahu cautions against egoism and the potentially deconstructive heat of the Leonine eclipse.

Leo Decan I: The Feline’s Ferocity

Often, discordance with malefics spawns from the displeasure imparted by their subjectively cruel lessons. Habitually, Mars does not operate lovingly, it opposes Venus. Naturally, Saturn does not function emotively, it opposes the Moon. Yet it is often the most excruciating trials that obligate life-transmuting perspectives. The final eclipse in Leo surveys the first decanate of the Gatekeeper, a stoic and cautionary presage against the Lion’s illimitable and annihilating blaze.

The excessive unrestraint of the ascending Lunar Node and its proximity to the first decanate of Leo is fittingly illustrated by Agrippa as “… a man riding on a Lion; it signifieth boldness, violence, cruelty, wickedness, lust and labours to be sustained.” The seemingly minimal imagery of a man riding a predatory wildcat emphasizes the inexhaustible primal will, a theme sternly punctuated in this final lunar eclipse. When in “the face of strength, liberality, and victory”, one’s primal core truly unsheathes. Accentuated triumphs often dismantle the true character beneath thinly-veiled veneers. Considering the ‘heroic’ and seemingly victorious undertones of this decanate, this final lunar (and solar) eclipse in the Leo-Aquarius axis can consummate with boundless engorgement.

Al-Jabhah, The Lion’s Brow

The total lunar eclipse in Leo falls under the Al-Jabhah, the tenth lunar mansion, originally posited in the Leo constellation along with Regulus (the royal fixed star now in Virgo). Know as “The Brow”, Al-Jabhah is claimed to assist in recovery and bestow fortitude. However, a total lunar eclipse near the ascending Lunar Node still accentuates both the captivity of light and excessive voracity.

Giraftagi: The Light’s Captivity

During a total lunar eclipse, earth’s penumbra veils the Moon. Al-Biruni calculated that the ratio between the size of the earth’s penumbra cloaking the moon’s facade and the size of the moon was 2 3/5 to 1, corresponding with the results obtained by Ptolemy and Al-Battani. The subtle sunlight that absconds through earth’s atmosphere is refracted on the Moon, casting a transfixed, tenebrous tint. From Luna’s perspective, a blackened sphere barricades the Sun, carving a circular glow upon earth’s silhouette. Known as giraftagi, this captive light results from earth’s obstruction. Thus, during a lunar eclipse, the earth’s spherical glint plunges before the Moon.

“And in whatsoever countries or cities we discover a familiarity of this kind, we must suppose that some event will occur which applies, generally speaking, to all of them, particularly to those which bear a relation to the actual zodiacal sign of the eclipse…”

As the total lunar eclipse is exact, North America, South America, parts of Western Europe, and Africa will witness the eclipse’s complete visible spectrum. Apart from Madagascar, all of Africa will see a partial eclipse, as will the Middle East and Afghanistan. In Asia, the eclipse’s visual impact will be omitted, as the event occurs during daylight hours, and is void of lunar visibility.

Of fixed modality, the final lunar eclipse in Leo reaches a critical stage of culmination, suggesting long-term, finalizing results in both intimate and global settings. Legislation, leadership, public groups and political arenas are some possible arenas of manifestation.

The total lunar eclipse in Leo is exact on 1/21/19, at 12:14 AM EST.


Raza, S. Jabir. “Al-Biruni on Eclipses.” Proceedings of the Indian History Congress, vol. 56, 1995, pp. 293–300.,

Agrippa, Henry C., The Three Books of Occult Philosophy

Ptolemy, Tetrabiblos

Warnock, Christopher, The Mansions of the Moon

Copyright © 2019 Saturn & the Sun Astrology. All rights reserved.

Mercury Cazimi in Aquarius

Mercury Cazimi: January 29, 2019

The King’s Heart

When a planet is ‘in the heart’ of the King, or Cazimi, it is, simultaneously, shielded and strengthened in the commencement of a new solar cycle. The Medieval term Cazimi is the Latin transliteration of the Arabic term ‘kaṣmīmī’, implying ‘as if in the heart’. Essentially, this is the translation of the Greek term egkardios (meaning ‘in the heart’), originating in the works of Rhetorius of Egypt, circa 7th century CE.

*There are disparities amongst Medieval sources regarding the exact proximity between the Sun and another planet in order to be deemed Cazimi, with earlier authors attributing a broader 1° value and later astrologers decreasing range to 16’. However, even the 16′ value presents discordance amongst later astrologers. For example, in the Renaissance tradition, William Lilly extends Cazimi to 17′. As a general rule, I choose to focus on (or work within) the 16′ range, particularly when merging Cazimi portals with electional astrology.

Meticulous Messenger: The Traditional Associations of Mercury

Traditional associations of a dignified Mercury punctuate sharp intellect and cogitation. Here, debaters and logicians mastering knowledge and articulation are rendered, as are seekers of mysteries, amalgamating information without external guidance or teachers. Of additional Mercurial attributes, Lilly emphasizes those being “ambitious of being exquisite in every Science, desirous naturally of travel and seeing foreign parts: a man of an unwearied fancy, curious in the search of any occult knowledge; able by his own Genius to produce wonders; given to Divination and the more secret knowledge; if he turn Merchant, no man exceeds him in a way of Trade or invention of new wayes whereby to obtain wealth.”

Mercury Cazimi in Aquarius

Currently of swift motion, on 1/29/19, Mercury Cazimi is exact at at 9°54′ Aquarius. The Mercury-Sun conjunction is posited in Saturn’s diurnal domicile, in the affirming bounds of Venus, and simultaneously journeying through the final arc minutes of the Venus-ruled, first decanate. The Mercury-Sun conjunction is in aversion to Saturn, and overcomes Mars via sign-based sextile. Mirroring this month’s earlier (Saturn) Cazimi, both charts unfurl with a Libra rising and angular malefics in their domiciles. In the background, Saturn overcomes Mars via superior square, a configuration that also echoes the backdrop of the final lunar eclipse in Leo.

Mercury remains in Cazimi past midnight, come 1/30/19, in the bounds of Venus. Likewise, the Messenger is in an applying sextile to the Moon as the benefics overcome the Sun-Mercury conjunction. As an inceptional chart, clarity in communication is accentuated, along with presentation. Although in detriment, the solar rays are persuaded by mercurial matters: decisions, logistics, and contractual matters are favorable under this configuration. Third place matters receive the benefics’ affirmation, via sign-based sextile, and siblings, friends, learning, and quotidian excursions can benefit from this brief Cazimi. As with the previous chart, in aversion to the Cazimi and first house placements, Saturn merely emits a partile ray to Mars, as both separate from a square.

As the Messenger journeys through the Water Bearer, be advantageous and efficient in mercurial matters. Come 2/11/19, Mercury enters its detriment in Pisces, followed by its retrograde. Aptly, The Messenger enters Aries on the day of Mercury, 4/17/19, in the term of Jupiter and decanate of Mars. By then, with Mars in Gemini, mutual reception will mitigate both planets.


Lilly, William, Christian Astrology

Brennan, Chris, Hellenistic Astrology

Copyright © 2019 Saturn & the Sun. All rights reserved.

Mars Square Saturn

Mars square Saturn

Kalynovych, The Babel Tower

Mars Square Saturn in the Natal Chart

The natal square between the malefics, Mars and Saturn, indicates a weighty discord between the impetus of desire and the restraint of responsibility. The Mars-Saturn square surges a defensive nature, often propelling hindrances in personal relationships. The square between Mars and Saturn propels a defensiveness within the context of personal relationships. Saturn, the excluding influence, acclimates fear of rejection coupled with restraint. The melancholic temperament of the Time Keeper punctuates this configuration, requesting a counteraction to pessimism, brooding pensiveness, and disconsolation. The oscillating pull between assertion and lethargy, aggression and apathy, can delay personal progress, until conscious application of consistent will is emplooyed. Laboriousness and persistent effort are adequate antidotes to the Mars-Saturn square. We need only understand the nature of both malefics to gain insight as to their operative function (within the context of natal square). When Mars’ swift severance is halted by Saturn, the primal drive is consistently oppressed by apprehension.

Imagine the sluggish scorch of an expanding fire, where its force is unsustainably dense. While its embers require preservation, Saturn’s slow, consistent pressure is exhausting. Anger and frustration are at the core of this aspect, stemming from internalized hurt and tension. Irritability and tension surges, requiring temperance and controlled separation. Inhibition and rejection (Saturn) are present with this aspect, coupled with a limiting sense of self-value.

Saturn (along with the Sun) is often attributed to the father, and with this aspect (as well as the natal opposition and conjunction), the native’s early relationship with the paternal figure mirrors Saturn’s gelid austerity. As with all aspects, none should be interpreted in isolation. It is important to consider the entirety of the birth chart, including the condition of the planets described.

The Natal Square

The natal square, often illustrated as a visual enmity, is traditionally (strictly in isolation here, for informative purposes) considered less challenging than the opposition. The natal square, also known as the tetragon, occurs when planets are four signs apart, or separated by 90°. As with all degree-based configurations or aspects, the relationship between two planets is intensified according to proximity via degree. Traditionally, the square is referred to as adversarial, indicating rivalry or discord. Malefics (Saturn and Mars) are considered particularly challenging when configured via square, especially considering that, traditionally, Mars rules the tetragon, or square (the Saturn configuration is the diameter, or opposition).

Applying and Separating Aspects

In traditional astrology, planets applying within three degrees participate in engagement, or coming together. As opposed to separating aspects, applying aspects are considered more potent because they indicate future circumstances. Contrastingly, separating aspects are interpretive of past events. Within the context of the natal chart, applying aspects also indicate, from the moment of inception, the nativity’s future potential.

Meaning and Correspondences of Mars in Astrology

Mars represents the spirit of energy, courage, and enterprise. His energy, when implemented strategically, is the polarity of shiftlessness and cowardice. At its best, Mars mirrors the unconquerable energy and potent will of a warrior. This is the necessary masculine energy that initiates and asserts without subjection to reason. Traditionally, as a nocturnal malefic, Mars negates via severance or separation.

Mars (also known as Mavors, Ares, Pyrois, or Gradivus), appears as a fiery star of sparkling color. He is a masculine, nocturnal planet of the night sect. His temperament is hot and dry, choleric and fiery. His approximate course completion is one year and 321 days. His greatest northern latitude is 4°31′ while his southern latitude is 6°47′. [1] Mars has his domicile in Aries and Scorpio, is exalted at 28° Capricorn, sees its depression/ fall at 28° Cancer, and is in detriment/ fall in Libra and Taurus. Mars stations before his 80-day retrograde, and governs the water triplicity (Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces, respectively). In traditional astrology, Mars is known as the lesser malefic, and finds his Joy in the sixth place. He governs Tuesday, in the first and eighth hour from the Sun. He solely befriends Venus, remaining antagonistic to all other planets.

Meaning and Correspondences of Saturn in Astrology

Saturn (also known as Kronos, Phainon, or Falcifer), the greater malefic, is aligned with boundaries, discipline, and structure. His four main groups of rings, metaphors of limitation, range in temperature from -163 to -203° Celsius. He governs time, is associated with maturity (70+), and is attributed to subjectively negative experiences such as suffering, pain, isolation, and loneliness (reflective of his traditional joy in the 12th place). Just as benefics (Jupiter and Venus) have the power to say ‘yes’, malefics are inclined to negate, or say ‘no’. Saturn denies via rejection or exclusion.

Saturn’s nature is cold and dry, principally melancholic, and of the diurnal sect. Saturn is the traditional, domicile lord of Capricorn (nocturnal) and Aquarius (diurnal), exalted in Libra (exaltation degree: 21° Libra), in adversity/ ‘detriment’ in Cancer and Leo, and in its depression/ ‘fall’ in Aries. His energy may be more or less constructive in one’s chart relevant to sect. His taste is astringent and his color is dark brown (along with grey and black). He governs substances such as lead (in part, due to its toxicity), stone, and wood.


1. Ptolemy, Tetrabiblos

2. Brennan, Chris, Hellenistic Astrology

Copyright © 2018 Saturn and the Sun Astrology. All rights reserved.