Rembrandt, Pallas Athene, oil on canvas, 1655
Sun Square Mars
The Square aspect between the Sun and Mars in a Natal Chart
The purpose of this article is to provide an understanding of the the square aspect between the Sun and Mars. An explanation of the square configuration, along with a summary of each planet’s meaning and correspondence will be provided, in order to provide context prior to the interpretation of the Sun-Mars square.
The Square Configuration or Aspect in the Natal Chart
The square is a 90° angle with a 6° orb range. Planets in a square aspect share modalities (cardinal, mutable, fixed).
The square aspect is considered dynamically challenging, since its difficulties propel significant work on the issues indicated by the planets involved. Planets in the square aspect are at cross-purposes: their tension can produce frustration, although diligent labor and perseverance can foster triumph. The level of resolution over the square aspect is the result of successful integration of two disparate principles (as indicated by the planets involved). Because this aspect is considered to be traditionally challenging, we look to the signs (meaning, dignity, and condition) and places/ houses involved in order to understand where adjustments, integration, and patient application must be employed. Again, with the square aspect, growth is always the result of incessant laboriousness, but this should not suggest that its limitations are not without resolve. For the purposes of this article, it is also helpful to understand a chart’s sect, in order to understand a chart’s diurnal or nocturnal components, and further understand the significance of the planets involved.
* Note: Single aspects should neither be isolated nor fixated upon in interpretation, as the overall chart can demonstrate mitigating or contradictory factors. Instead, a thorough chart analysis will bring the necessary clarity and cohesion of celestial influences.
Meaning of the Sun in Astrology
The Sun represents the visible intelligence and perception of the soul. The solar orb is, in essence, the all-bountiful fire that supports the existence of life. Therefore, the Sun indicates the central, physical vitality and conservation of each human organism. The Sun oversees the ego and moral principles, as indicated by self-esteem and conscientiousness.
The Sun Correspondences in Astrology
The Sun, (Helios in Greek, called amongst poets and historians as Sol, Titan, Ilios, Phoebus, Apollo, Pean, Osiris, Diespiter) is hot and dry, of choleric temperament (considered more temperate than Mars), masculine, and the luminary of the diurnal sect. Placed in the center of all planets, he passes through all twelve zodiacal signs once per year. His mean notion is 59 minutes and 8 seconds, yet his diurnal motion is sometimes 57 minutes and 16 seconds (sometimes more, but never exceeding 61 minutes and 6 seconds). The Sun always moves in the ecliptic and is void of latitude.  In Hellenistic astrology, the Sun finds his joy in the ninth place.
The Sun has his domicile in Leo, is exalted at 19° Aries, in adversity/ detriment in Aquarius, and receives his depression/ fall at 19° Libra. By day, the Sun governs the fiery triplicity (Aries, Leo, and Sagittarius, respectively). The Sun is always direct, and although his pace in movement can oscillate, he is never retrograde. His day is Sunday, overseeing the first and eighth hours. He befriends all planetary bodies, aside from his energetic resistance, Saturn.
Meaning of Mars in Astrology
Mars represents the spirit of energy, courage, and enterprise. His energy, when implemented strategically, is the polarity of shiftlessness and cowardice. At its best, Mars accentuates a warrior’s unconquerable energy and potent will. This is the necessary masculine energy that initiates and asserts without subjection to reason.
The Correspondences of Mars in Astrology
Mars (also known as Mavors, Ares, Pyrois, or Gradivus), appears as a fiery star of sparkling color. He is a masculine, nocturnal planet of the night sect. His temperament is hot and dry, choleric and fiery. His approximate course completion is one year and 321 days. His greatest northern latitude is 4°31′ while his southern latitude is 6°47′.  Mars has his domicile in Aries and Scorpio, is exalted at 28° Capricorn, sees its depression/ fall at 28° Cancer, and is in detriment/ fall in Libra and Taurus. Mars stations before his 80-day retrograde, and governs the water triplicity (Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces, respectively). In traditional astrology, Mars is known as the lesser malefic, and finds his joy in the sixth place. He governs Tuesday, in the first and eighth hour from the Sun. He solely befriends Venus, remaining antagonistic to all other planets.
Interpreting Sun Square Mars in the Natal Chart
The Sun-Mars square initiates fiercely courageous, self-confident natives, even when offset by other factors in the natal chart. There is a distinct amount of assertiveness and impulsive behavior. When this aspect is stimulated by transits, the Sun-Mars stimulates action. There is ample energy and vitality associated with this (and all) Sun-Mars aspects, which must be channeled constructively in order to prevent self-sabotage and harm. When this energetic current is well directed, and the native develops necessary patience and forethought, there is much potential for success in various endeavors. Likewise, this aspect, when tempered, grants the native an abundance of energy and enthusiasm that can be applied to any course of action.
The square formed between the Sun and Mars generates an eruption of anger and brashness that can lead to unnecessary and potentially detrimental conflicts. Because the Sun and Mars are fiery planets without the temperance of calculation, there can be a notable lack of patience and forethought prior to action. As a result, the analytical mind needs to intervene before the primal instinct takes control of the native. Slowing down can become challenging, as can immediate reactions to circumstances.
This aspect’s amelioration is best accomplished via cultivating persistent self-discipline, patience, and the dispersal of excessive energy into exercise regimes or physically creative endeavors. The Sun-Mars square cultivates an impenetrable will, and can, with time, be used to constructively and consistently build upon any endeavor. With time, the native learns how to deter self-sabotage, one of the most challenging themes of this aspect (for the implementation of temperance and discipline must be progressively built). Once this challenge is surpassed, the Sun-Mars native will find an energetic reservoir that is impervious to obstacles or hindrances.
Lilly, William, Christian Astrology
Agrippa, Henry, Three Books of Occult Philosophy
Brennan, Chris, Hellenistic Astrology
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